What is Mold?
Mold is a fungi that can be found both indoors and outdoors. The most common types of mold include aspergillus, cladosporium and stachybotrys atra (also known as black mold). Mold spreads and reproduces by making spores. Spores can survive conditions that are too sunny, hot, cold, dry or wet for mold to grow. When spores are airborne they can be carried by air or water to new locations.
Where Does Mold Come From?
One of the worst contaminants known is the silent but dangerous growth of mold. Mold can grow indoors on wet or damp surfaces, such as wallpaper, ceiling tiles, carpets, insulation material, wood, and drywall.
| Mold Safety Tips
Health Problems Assosciated With Mold
In your home, all molds have the potential to cause health problems:
- Breathing Difficulties
- Skin irritation
- Allergic reactions
- Aggravation of asthma symptoms
Common Areas For Mold Growth
Click for more details
A leaking roof is one of the most common causes of mold growth in the attic. Sometimes a roof leak is bad enough that water leaks into the floors below and becomes immediately apparent. Roof leaks from the recent storm damage have gone unnoticed until the attic is visited
Any moisture issue in the basement usually takes a long time to dry out. One of the biggest causes of mold in the basement is flooding. If a house is flooded, water is able to seep into every crack and crevice. Due to the location of the basement being at the lowest level of your home, this area with little to no sunlight, has very little ventilation, and is often humid. Mold loves to grow on some of the building materials in the basement. Some favorites are drywall, wood and insulation.
Once the padding on the bottom of carpeting gets wet it takes a very long time to dry out. Even though the top layer of carpet might seem to dry out fairly quickly, the layer of padding underneath stays wet long after. If you have carpet that is wall to wall, replacing the whole carpet isn't required unless the entire carpet was affected by mold. Cutting out and replacing the mold damaged carpet should suffice.
Just like basements, if moisture is left stagnant in the area, this can lead to mold growth due to the location of the crawl space, an area with little to no sunlight, has miniscule ventilation, and is often humid. Some of these molds move easily from the crawl area up into your living space. There have been cases of high levels of airborne mold spores and mold spores in settled dust that tracked directly to the moldy crawl space.
Mold can grow inside air ducts if moisture is allowed to stay in place. If you have mold or spores in your ducts, the US EPA suggests cleaning your air ducts if the surface of your ducts, or any other components on your heating and cooling system, have visible mold. However, many areas of your HVAC system can be affected by mold and may not be easily seen.